Tooth pain arises when the nerve in the tooth or surrounding the tooth is irritated, with the most common causes being a dental infection, decay, injury or loss of a tooth. Pain also occurs after an extraction and a root canal procedure. In some cases, pain originates from other areas and radiates to the jaw, appearing to be tooth pain. The majority of causes of dental pain can be prevented by flossing, using fluoride toothpaste and having your teeth professionally cleaned twice a year.
Usual toothache symptoms include severe pain to pressure or too hot and cold stimuli. The pain may persist longer than 15 seconds after the stimulus is removed. Other signs and symptoms that may cause discomfort to include pain when chewing, sensitivity to hot and cold, bleeding or discharge from around the teeth or gums, and swelling around the tooth. These symptoms can sometimes be associated with dental decay, tooth fracture or gum disease.
Medical treatment for toothaches
In most cases, toothaches or jaw pain signals a problem that needs to be addressed by a dentist. If the pain is the side effect of an intervention such as wisdom tooth extraction or root canal treatment, a follow-up visit to the office can usually be arranged. The doctor may administer an injection around the tooth for pain control, and in the case of swelling, antibiotics can be prescribed.
Visit the dentist’s office
At the dentist’s office, extraction will be the most likely procedure with a primary tooth, while with permanent teeth, a severe problem may call for root canal therapy. The procedure includes cleaning out the nerves and blood vessels and sealing off the root canals of the tooth. However, in some cases, a tooth that has received root canal treatment may fail to heal and the pain continues. There are several reasons for this, but the good news is that through a retreatment procedure, an endodontist can reopen the tooth to access the root canal and examine the cause of the pain. This page provides more info about root canal retreatment and associated procedures, as well as answers to frequently asked questions.
Dentists often recommend rinsing with warm salt water as a stopgap for pain until your appointment. Apart from being one of the most effective ways, this one is the easiest as well. In the case of swelling, you can apply an ice pack wrapped into a towel to the swollen area. Applied on a cotton ball, clove oil is a remedy that works in two ways: due to its anesthetic properties, it numbs the pain, while the antibacterial and antiseptic qualities of cloves prevent infection. The anti-inflammatory properties of tannic acid popularised using teabags for relieving wisdom tooth pain and swelling around the infected area. For an added punch, leave the brewed cup of tea with the bag in the refrigerator and apply the tea bag directly over the hurting gum once it’s nice and cold.
Most cause of dental pain can be prevented by the regular dental care that includes maintaining a healthy diet that minimizes sugar and starch that provide a favorable environment for bacteria to thrive. A soft bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste coupled with flossing after meals is a winning combination for removing the food residue, while daily rinsing with an antiseptic mouthwash will help get rid of bacteria. Arrange to have your teeth cleaned by a dentist at least twice a year, while taking a dental X-ray every 5 years may identify problem areas on time.
Dental pain occurs as a result of inflammation, decay or an injury, but can also be a side effect of a dental intervention. Some foods can contribute to the deterioration of the teeth, so apart from maintaining dental hygiene, it’s important to establish a healthy diet. It’s important to keep in mind that home remedies mentioned here act only as temporary relievers, as making an appointment with your dentist is the only right reaction at the sign of tooth pain.